What is the correct way of using the small pellet mill?

What is the correct way of using the small pellet mill?
March 07, 2023

What is the correct way of using the small pellet mill?

In recent years, small pellet mills have gained a surge in popularity, proving to be an excellent investment for people aiming to produce biomass fuel or animal feed. A combination of convenience, efficiency, and eco-friendliness make them a great choice for businesses and private users alike. However, with many new users, there might be questions and concerns about the right way to operate and maintain the machine. That’s why we have compiled this comprehensive guide to help you understand and master the art of using the Small Biomass Pellet Mill for all your pellet-production needs.

Understand the Characteristics of Your Raw Material

Before diving into the nuances of pellet production, it is essential to become well-acquainted with the raw materials you intend to process. Different materials have various moisture content, input size, and fiber structure that may require specific settings or adjustments during pelletizing. For example, materials high in resin, such as some types of wood or sawdust, might result in clogs or sticky residues without proper moisture control. Knowing your material’s unique properties will help optimize your machine’s settings for a smooth and reliable operation.

Prepare the Raw Materials for Processing

To ensure efficient and consistent pellet production, you need to spend some time preparing the raw material. Here are a few key aspects to consider when preparing your input materials:

Size: Input size should be less than 5mm. Larger particles may cause issues within the pellet mill, resulting in uneven and low-quality pellets.

Moisture Content: The ideal moisture content varies depending on the material but typically falls between 10-20%. To achieve this, you can either add or remove water as needed, using methods such as air-drying or adding moisture to achieve the desired level.

Mixing: If you’re using a blend of different raw materials, make sure they are thoroughly mixed to provide uniform and consistent pellets.

Set and Adjust the Small Pellet Mill

Once your raw material is prepared, it’s time to set up and adjust the small pellet mill for the production process. Below are a few essential tips to consider:

Roller and Die Gap: Adjust the gap between the roller and die to a suitable distance. A smaller gap typically results in increased friction and heat, which can lead to faster wear and tear. A larger gap might compromise the pellet quality with low compression.

Feeding Rate: Adjust the feed rate according to the pellet mill’s capacity and the raw material’s properties. A steady, consistent feed rate will reduce the risk of clogs, jams, and uneven pellets. Overfeeding might cause the machine to overwork and underfeeding may result in low-quality pellets.

Temperature Control: Keep an eye on the temperature during the pelletizing process. Excessively high temperatures can cause a variety of issues, such as clogging or potential fire risks. Keep an eye on the recommended temperature ranges and make adjustments as necessary.

Perform Routine Maintenance and Cleaning

To ensure the longevity and efficiency of your small pellet mill, it is crucial to perform regular maintenance and cleaning. Routinely inspect the machine for wear and tear on essential components such as the die, roller, gear, and bearings. Potential areas of concern should be lubricated or replaced as necessary. Keeping the mill clean will also help reduce the risk of malfunctions, jams, and clogs. Cleaning should be done after each use to eliminate any buildup of material, ensuring optimal performance during the next production cycle.

Optimize and Troubleshoot

As you become more accustomed to using your small pellet mill, take the time to optimize and troubleshoot any issues that might arise. Some typical problems include uneven or low-quality pellets, excessive noise or vibration, and overheating. By carefully observing and identifying these issues, you can make adjustments to your machine and fine-tune its performance for a more consistent and efficient pellet production process.

Read More :  What are the Benefits of Biomass Pellets?


Mastering the art of small pellet mill usage is essential for anyone looking to produce high-quality biomass fuel or animal feed. By understanding your raw materials, preparing them accordingly, setting up and adjusting the mill, performing routine maintenance and cleaning, and troubleshooting any issues, you can ensure that your pellet production process is smooth and efficient. With practice and diligence, you’ll be well on your way to becoming an expert in Small Pellet Mill operations, reaping the benefits of your investment for years to come.

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